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NOTES TO ACCOUNTS

Praj Industries Ltd.

You can view the entire text of Notes to accounts of the company for the latest year
Market Cap. (₹) 2530.59 Cr. P/BV 3.48 Book Value (₹) 39.77
52 Week High/Low (₹) 168/72 FV/ML 2/1 P/E(X) 64.08
Bookclosure 08/02/2019 EPS (₹) 2.16 Div Yield (%) 1.17
Year End :2018-03 

1 The corporate overview

Praj Industries Limited (‘PIL’ or ‘the company’) is a public company domiciled in India and incorporated under the provisions of Indian Companies Act. The company’s registered office is “Praj Tower”, S. No. 274 and 275/2, Bhumkar Chowk-Hinjewadi road, Hinjewadi, Pune - 411057, Maharashtra, India. The company’s ordinary shares are listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange and National Stock Exchange in India.

The company is engaged in the business of process and project engineering. The company caters to both domestic and international markets. Further, the company also provides design and engineering services.

A. Terms/ Rights attached to equity shares:

The Company has only one class of equity shares having a par value of INR 2 per share. Each holder of the equity shares is entitled to one vote per share. The Company declares and pays dividend in Indian rupees. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting.

The Board of Directors proposed a final dividend of INR 1.62 per equity share for the financial year ended 31 March 2017 and the same was approved by the shareholders at the Annual General Meeting held on 11 August 2017. The amount was recognised as distributions to equity shareholders during the year ended 31 March 2018.

The Board of Directors proposed a final dividend of INR 1.62 per equity share for the financial year ended 31 March 2018. The proposal is subject to the approval of shareholders at the Annual General Meeting to be held and if approved, will be recognised as distributions to equity shareholders during the year ended 31 March 2019. This event is considered as non-adjusting event.

In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the company after distributing all preferential amounts.

c. Shares held by holding/ultimate holding company and/or their subsidiaries/associates:

The company does not have any holding or ultimate holding company.

2 Segment reporting

The business activities of the Company from which it earns revenues and incurs expenses; whose operating results are regularly reviewed by the chief operating decision maker to make decisions about resources to be allocated to the segment and assess its performance, and for which discrete financial information is available involve predominantly one operating segment i.e. process and project engineering.

3 Related party transactions

a) Parties where control exists Subsidiaries

Praj Engineering & Infra Limited (Formerly Pacecon Engineering Projects Limited)

Praj Far East Co. Limited Praj Americas Inc.

Praj Industries (Africa) Pty Limited Praj HiPurity Systems Limited Praj Industries (Namibia) Limited Praj Far East (Philippines) Inc.

Step down subsidiaries

Praj Industries (Tanzania) Limited (upto 23 October 2017)

Praj Industries (Sierra Leone) Limited

c) Entity controlled orjointly controlled by a person identified in b)

Praj Foundation Plutus Properties LLP

4 Leases

The Company has entered into operating lease arrangements for office space, equipment and residential premises for its employees. Certain lease arrangements provide for cancellation by either party and also contain a clause for renewal of the lease agreement. Lease payments on cancellable and non-cancellable operating lease arrangements debited to the statement of profit and loss and the future minimum lease payments in respect of non-cancellable operating leases are summarised below:

5 Employee benefits

a) Defined contribution plans

The Company has recognised INR 46.018 (31 March 2017: INR 40.895) towards post-employment defined contribution plans comprising of provident and superannuation fund in the statement of profit and loss.

b) Defined benefit plan

In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, the Company is required to provide post-employment benefit to its employees in the form of gratuity. The Company has maintained a fund with the Life Insurance Corporation of India to meet its gratuity obligations. In accordance with the Standard, the disclosures relating to the Company’s gratuity plan are provided below:

A quantitative sensitivity analysis for significant assumptions is shown as follows:

Sensitivity analysis indicates the influence of a reasonable change in certain significant assumptions on the outcome of the present value of obligation. Sensitivity analysis is done by varying (increasing / decreasing) one parameter by 100 basis points (1%)

6 Employee Stock Option Plan (ESOP)

In the meeting of the Compensation and Share Allotment Committee held on 16th November, 2010 it was decided to utilise the surrendered and lapsed options out of earlier grant and 1,250,000 options (Plan A) were granted to CEO & MD with vesting period of 5 years in terms of his appointment at the relevant market price as Grant IV. In the Annual General Meeting of the Company held on 22 July 2011, total of 9,238,936 stock options were approved under the scheme “Employee Stock Option Plan 2011”. In the Meeting of the Compensation and Share Allotment Committee held on 27 January 2015 it was decided to grant options to CEO & MD and senior executives of the Company at the relevant market price as ESOP 2011 - Grant I. The total options granted under ESOP 2011 - Grant I are 3,750,000 options out of which 250,000 options (Plan A) were granted to CEO& MD and 3,500,000 options (Plan B) were granted to senior executives of the Company. During the year 2015-16 390,000 options were granted to senior executives of the Company as ESOP 2011 - Grant II to V. During the year 2016-17 100,000 options were granted to senior executive of the Company as ESOP 2011 - Grant VI. During the year 2017-18 1,969,700 options were granted to certain employees of the Company as ESOP 2011 - Grant VII. The stock options vest in a graded manner equally over the period of vesting, each vesting taking effect as per the terms of the grant. The stock options granted are exercisable at 100% of the fair market value of the underlying equity shares of the Company as on the date of grant.

7 Expenditure on research & development activities

Revenue expenditure on research and development is charged under respective heads of account in the year in which it is incurred. Capital expenditure on research and development is included as part of property, plant and equipment and depreciated on the same basis as other property, plant and equipment.

8 Taxes

The company has not recognised MAT credit entitlement to the extent of INR 294.143 till 31 March, 2018 in respect of Income Tax paid in view of uncertainty of its utilisation for payment of tax in foreseeable future.

*Includes INR 15.773 given to Praj Foundation which is a related party.

The above expenditure includes contribution/donation of INR 16.773 to trusts / institute which are engaged in activities eligible under section 135 of Companies Act, 2013 read with Schedule VII thereto.

9 Fair value measurements

As per assessments made by the management, fair values of all financial instruments carried at amortised cost (except as specified below) are not materially different from their carrying amounts since they are either short term nature or the interest rates applicable are equal to the current market rate of interest. The Company has performed a fair valuation of its investment in mutual funds which are classified as FVTPL using quoted prices.

10 Financial risk management policy and objectives

Company’s principal financial liabilities, comprise loans and borrowings, trade and other payables, and financial guarantee contracts. The main purpose of these financial liabilities is to finance company’s operations and to provide guarantees to support its operations. Company’s principal financial assets include advances to subsidiaries, trade and other receivables, security deposits and cash and cash equivalents, that derive directly from its operations. In order to minimise any adverse effects on the financial performance of the company, it has taken various measures. This note explains the source of risk which the entity is exposed to and how the entity manages the risk and impact of the same in the financial statements.

The company’s risk management is carried out by management, under policies approved by the board of directors. Company’s treasury identifies, evaluates and hedges financial risks in close cooperation with the company’s operating units. The board provides written principles for overall risk management, as well as policies covering specific areas, such as foreign exchange risk, credit risk, and investment of excess liquidity.

(A) Credit risk

Credit risk in case of the Company arises from cash and cash equivalents, deposits with banks and financial institutions, as well as credit exposures to customers including outstanding receivables.

Credit risk management

Credit risk arises from the possibility that counter party may not be able to settle their obligations as agreed. To manage this, the Company periodically assesses the reliability of customers, taking into account the financial condition, current economic trends, and analysis of historical bad debts and ageing of accounts receivable. Individual risk limits are set accordingly. The company considers the probability of default upon intial recognition of asset and whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk on an ongoing basis throughout each reporting period. To assess whether there is a significant increase in credit risk the company compares the risk of a default occurring on the asset as at the reporting date with the risk of default as at the date of initial recognition. It considers reasonable and supportive forward looking information such as:

(i) Actual or expected significant adverse changes in business,

(ii) Actual or expected significant changes in the operating results of the counterparty,

(iii) Financial or economic conditions that are expected to cause a significant change to counterparty’s ability to meet its obligations,

(iv) Significant increases in credit risk on other financial instruments of the same counterparty,

(v) Significant changes in the value of collateral supporting the obligation or in the quality of third-party guarantees or credit enhancements.

The company provides for expected credit loss in case of trade receivables, claims receivable and security deposits when there is no reasonable expectation of recovery, such as a debtor declaring bankruptcy or failing to engage in a repayment plan with the company. The company categorises a receivable for provision for doubtful debts/write off when a debtor fails to make contractual payments greater than 180 days past due. The amount of provision depends on certain parameters set by the Company in its provisioning policy. Where loans or receivables have been written off, the company continues to engage in enforcement activity to attempt to recover the receivable due. Where recoveries are made, these are recognised in profit or loss.

B) Liquidity risk

Prudent liquidity risk management implies maintaining sufficient cash and the availability of funding through an adequate amount of committed credit facilities to meet obligations when due and to close out market positions. Due to the dynamic nature of the underlying businesses, company maintains flexibility in funding by maintaining availability under committed credit lines.

Management monitors rolling forecasts of the company’s liquidity position (comprising the undrawn borrowing facilities below) and cash and cash equivalents on the basis of expected cash flows. This is carried out in accordance with practice and limits set by the group. In addition, the company’s liquidity management policy involves projecting cash flows and considering the level of liquid assets necessary to meet these, monitoring balance sheet liquidity ratios against internal and external regulatory requirements and maintaining debt financing plans.

(C) Foreign currency risk

“The company is exposed to foreign exchange risk mainly through its sales to overseas customers and purchases from overseas suppliers in various foreign currencies. The company evaluates exchange rate exposure arising from foreign currency transactions and the company follows established risk management policies, including use of derivatives like foreign exchange forward contracts to hedge exposure to foreign currency risk, where the economic conditions match the company’s policy. “

11 Capital management

Risk management

The company’s objectives when managing capital are to

- safeguard it’s ability to continue as a going concern, so that it can continue to provide returns for shareholders and benefits for other stakeholders, and

- Maintain an optimal capital structure to reduce the cost of capital.

In order to maintain or adjust the capital structure, the company may adjust the amount of dividends paid to shareholders, return capital to shareholders, issue new shares or sell assets to reduce debt. Consistent with others in the industry, the company monitors capital on the basis of the following gearing ratio: Net debt (total borrowings net of cash and cash equivalents) divided by total ‘equity’ (as shown in the balance sheet).

The company’s strategy is to maintain a gearing ratio of 0%. The gearing ratios were as follows:

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