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NOTES TO ACCOUNTS

Aarvee Denims and Exports Ltd.

You can view the entire text of Notes to accounts of the company for the latest year
Market Cap. (₹) 41.41 Cr. P/BV 0.15 Book Value (₹) 116.42
52 Week High/Low (₹) 34/12 FV/ML 10/1 P/E(X) 38.04
Bookclosure 27/09/2019 EPS (₹) 0.46 Div Yield (%) 0.00
Year End :2018-03 

1 Corporate Information

AARVEE DENIMS AND EXPORTS LIMITED ("the company") is a public company domiciled in India and incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the Act" earstwhile Companies Act, 1956). Its equity shares are listed on two stock exchanges in India. The company is engaged in the manufacturing and selling of denim and non denim Fabrics. The company caters to both domestic and international markets.

2 Statement of Compliance and Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

2.1 Statement of compliance

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Indian Accounting Standards ("Ind AS") as issued under the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015.

Upto the year ended March 31, 2017, the Company prepared its financial statements in accordance with the requirements of previous GAAP, which includes Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006. These are the Company's first Ind AS financial statements. The date of transition to Ind AS is April 1, 2016. Refer note - 51 for details of first time adoption exemptions availed by the Company.

The standalone Ind AS financial statements are presented in Indian Rupees and all values are rounded to the nearest lakh (Rupees 00,000), except where otherwise indicated. Any discrepancies in any table between totals and sums of the amounts listed are due to rounding off.

2.2 Basis of preparation of Financial Statement

The financial statements have been prepared on the historical cost basis except for certain financial instruments that are measured at fair values at the end of each reporting period, as explained in the accounting policies below.

Historical cost is generally based on the fair value of the consideration given in exchange for goods and services.

Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date, regardless of whether that price is directly observable or estimated using another valuation technique. In estimating the fair value of an asset or a liability, the Company takes into account the characteristics of the asset or liability if market participants would take those characteristics into account when pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date. Fair value for measurement and/or disclosure purposes in these financial statements is determined on such a basis, except for leasing transactions that are within the scope of Ind AS 17, and measurements that have some similarities to fair value but are not fair value, such as net realisable value in Ind AS 2 or value in use in Ind AS 36.

In addition, for financial reporting purposes, fair value measurements are categorised into Level 1, 2, or 3 based on the degree to which the inputs to the fair value measurements are observable and the significance of the inputs to the fair value measurement in its entirety, which are described as follows:

Level 1 inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the entity can access at the measurement date;

Level 2 inputs are inputs, other than quoted prices included within Level 1, that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly; and

Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability.

b. Terms/rights attached to equity shares

The company has only one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs.10 per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share. The company declares and pays dividends in Indian rupees. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting.

During the year ended 31st March 2018, the amount of per share dividend recognized as distributions to equity shareholders was Rs. NIL (31st March 2017: Rs.NIL).

In the event of liquidation of the company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the company, after distribution of all preferential amounts. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

Nature and purpose of reserves Capital redemption reserve

The company has recognized capital redemption reserve, for cumulative redeemable non convertible preference shares. The amount of capital redemption reserve is equal to nominal amount of the preference shares.

General reserve

General reserve is created from time to time by way of transfer profits from retained earnings for appropriation purposes. General reserve is created by a transfer from one component of equity to another and is not an item of other comprehensive income.

Security premium

The amount received in excess of face value of the equity shares, in relation to issuance of equity, is recognized in securities premium reserve.

Retained earning

Retained earnings are the profits that the company has earned till date, less any transfers to general reserve, dividends or other distributions paid to the shareholders.

Nature of Securities:

a. Secured by mortgage of all fixed assets of Unit- I (Narol), Unit- II (Sari), Unit- III (Vijay Farm) and first charge by way of hypothecation of fixed assets and second charge on the current assets of Unit- I (Narol), Unit- II (Sari), Unit- III (Vijay Farm) & Unit- IV (Sari).

b. Secured by way of hypothecation of respective motor vehicles purchased.

c. Specific charge on assets purchased from the proceeds of Loan.

b. Nature of Securities:

Loans are Secured by hypothecation of all current assets of Unit -I (Narol), Unit- II (Sari), Unit- III (Vijay Farm), Unit- IV (Sari) and second charge on the fixed assets of Unit -I (Narol),Unit- II (Sari), Unit- III (Vijay Farm), Unit- IV (Sari) and hypothecation of 2 Windmills located at Lamba and 1 Windmill located at Kutch.

Note : The Government of India introduced Goods and Service Tax (GST) with effect from 1st July 2017 which partly replaced excise duty. Consequently the revenue from operations for period 1st July 2017 to 31st March 2018 is net of GST. However, the revenue from operations for the period of 1st April 2017 to 30th June 2017 includes excise duty recovered on sales of Rs. Nil and year ended 31st March 2017 includes excise duty recovered on sales of Rs. 20.08 Lakhs.

The tax rate used for reconciliation above is the corporate tax rate of 20.389% as per MAT payable by corporate entities in India on taxable profits under Indian tax law. However, deferred tax is calculated at rate which enacted/substantially enacted as at March 31, 2018 at applicable @ 33.063%.

Estimates of future salary increases considered in actuarial valuation take account of inflation, seniority, promotion and other relevant factors such as supply and demand in the employment market.

These plans typically expose the Company to actuarial risks such as interest rate risk, salary risk and Investment Risk.

a) Interest risk: A fall in the discount rate which is linked to the G. Sec. Rate will increase the present value of the liability requiring higher provision. A fall in the discount rate generally increases the mark to market value of the assets depending on the duration of asset.

b) Salary risk: The present value of defined benefit plan liability is calculated by reference to the future salaries of members. As such, an increase in the salary of the members more than assumed level will increase the plan's liability.

c) Investment risk : The present value of the defined benefit plan liability is calculated using a discount rate which is determined by reference to market yields at the end of the reporting period on government bonds. If the return on plan asset is below this rate, it will create a plan deficit. Currently, for the plan in India, it has a relatively balanced mix of investments in government securities, and other debt instruments.

VI Sensitivity Analysis

Significant actuarial assumptions for the determination of defined obligation are discount rate and expected salary increase. The sensitivity analysis below have been determined based on reasonably possible changes of the respective assumptions occurring at the end of the reporting period, while holding all other assumptions constant.

The sensitivity analysis have been determined based on reasonably possible changes of the respective assumptions occurring at the end of the reporting period, while holding all other assumptions constant.

The sensitivity analysis presented above may not be representative of the actual change in the projected benefit obligaton as it is unlikely that the change in assumption would occur in isolation of one another as some of the assumptions may be correlated.

Furthermore, in presenting the above sensitivity analysis, the present value of the projected benefit obligation has been calculated using the projected unit credit method at the end of the reporting period, which is the same method as applied in calculating the projected benefit obligation as recognised in the balance sheet.

There was no change in the methods and assumptions used in preparing the sensitivity analysis from prior years.

VII Effect of plan on entity's future cash flows

(i) Funding arragements and Funding policy

The Company has purchased an insurance policy to provide for payment of gratuity to the employees. Every year, the insurance company carries out a funding valuation based on the latest employee data provided by the company, Any deficit in the assets arising as a result of such valuation is funded by the Company.

(ii) Expected contribution during the next annual reporting period

The Company's best estimate of Contribution during the next year is Rs. 164.29 Lakhs.

3. Segment information

Operating segment have been identified on the basis of products / services and have been identified as per the quantitative criteria specified in the IND AS 108.

The Company has identified two reportable segments viz. Textile and Windmill. Segments have been identified and reported taking into account, the nature of products and services, the differing risks and returns, the organization structure and the internal financial reporting systems.

Disclosures required under Ind AS 108 - Operating Segments are as under

4. Derivative transactions:

The Company has entered into the following derivative instruments;

(a) The Company uses forward exchange contracts to hedge its risks associated with foreign currency fluctuations relating to outstanding receivables, certain firm commitments and forecasted transactions. The use of foreign currency forward contracts is governed by the Company's strategy which provides principles on use of such forward contracts consistent with the Company's Risk Management Policy. The Company does not use forward contracts for speculative purposes.

The information on outstanding Forward Exchange Contracts entered into by the Company on accounts of receivables:

(b) Interest rate swaps to hedge against fluctuations in interest rate changes: No. of contracts: Nil 31 March, 2018 (2 No. of contracts 31 March, 2017 , 4 No. of contracts as at 31 March, 2016).

5. Financial risk management

The Company's financial liabilities comprise mainly of borrowing, trade payables and other payables. The Company's financial assets comprise mainly of cash and cash equivalent, other balance with banks, loans, trade receivable and other receivable. These risks include market risk (including currency risk, interest rate risk and other price risk), credit risk and liquidity risk.

(A) Market risk

The Company is exposed to market risks on account of changes in interest rates, foreign exchange rates, liquidity and other market changes. These risks affect income and expenses of the Company. The objective of the Management of the Company is to maintain this risk within the acceptable parameters, while optimising returns.

(i) Interest rate risk

The Company is mainly exposed to interest rate risk due to its variable interest rate borrowings. The interest rate risk arises due to uncertainties about the future market interest rate of these borrowings. The Company monitors fluctuations in interest rate continuously and has laid policies and guidelines including to minimise impact of interest rate risk.

Interest rate sensitivity

A change in 50 bps in interest rates would have following impact on profit before tax

(ii) Foreign currency risk

The Company operates internationally and portion of the business is transacted in several currencies and consequently the Company is exposed to foreign exchange risk through its sales in overseas and purchased from overseas suppliers in various foreign currencies.

Exposure on foreign currency sales and purchases are managed through the Company's hedging policy, which is reviewed periodically to ensure that the results from fluctuating currency exchange rates are appropriately managed. The company strives to achieve asset liability offset of foreign currency exposures and only the net position is hedged. Consequently, the overall objective of the foreign currency risk management is to minimize the short term currency impact on its revenue and cash-flow in order to improve the predictability of the financial performance.

(B) Credit risk

Credit risk is the risk of financial loss to the company if customers or counter party to a financial instruments fails to meet its contractual obligations and arises principally from the company's receivables from customers.

All trade receivables are subject to credit risk exposure. The Company's exposure to credit risk is influenced mainly by the individual characteristics of each customer. The demographics of the customer, including the default risk of the industry and country, in which the customer operates, also has an influence on credit risk assessment. Credit risk is managed through established policies, controls relating to credit approvals and procedures for continuously monitoring the credit worthiness of customers to which the Company grants credit terms in the normal course of business.

For trade receivables, the Company applies the simplified approach permitted by Ind AS 109 Financial Instrument, which requires expected lifetime losses to be recognized from initial recognition of the receivables. When determining whether the credit risk of a financial asset has increased significantly since initial recognition and when estimating expected credit losses, the Company considers reasonable and relevant information that is available without undue cost or effort. This includes both quantitative and qualitative information and analysis, based on the Company's historical experience and informed credit assessment and including forward looking information.

(C) Liquidity risk

Liquidity risk is defined as the risk that the Company will not be able to settle or meet its obligations on time, or at a reasonable price. The objective of liquidity risk management is to maintain sufficient liquidity and ensure that funds are available for use as per requirements. The Company generates cash flows from operations to meet its financial obligations, maintains adequate liquid assets in the form of cash & cash equivalents and has undrawn short term line of credits from banks to ensure necessary liquidity. The Company closely monitors its liquidity position and deploys a robust cash management system.

6. Capital Management

The primary objective of the Company's capital management is to ensure that it maintains an efficient capital structure and healthy capital ratios in order to support its business and maximise shareholder value.

The Company manages its capital structure with a view to ensure that it will be able to continue as a going concern while maximizing the return to stakeholders through the optimization of the debt and equity balance.

7. Government Grant

Export Promotion Capital Goods (EPCG): This scheme allows import of certain capital goods including spares at zero duty subject to an export obligation for the duty saved on such capital goods. The duty saved on capital goods imported under EPCG scheme being Government Grant, is accounted as a Capital Grant as stated in the Accounting policy on Government Grant.

The Government Grant above represents unamortised amount of the subsidy referred to below, with the corresponding adjustment to the carrying amount of property, plant and equipment.

8. Disclosures under the MSMED Act, 2006

In the absence of any information from vendors regarding the status of their registration under the "Micro Small and Medium Enterprise Development Act 2006" the company is unable to comply with the disclosures required to be made under the said Act.

9. During the year, the gross amount to be spent by the Company for Corporate Social Responsibility expenditure is Rs. 16.33 Lakh and amount spent is Rs. NIL (As at 31.03.2017 Rs. 17.10 Lakh and amount spent is Rs. NIL).

10. First-time adoption of Ind AS

The Company has adopted Ind AS from 1st April, 2017 and the date of transition to Ind AS is 1st April, 2016. These being the first financial statements in compliance with Ind AS, the impact of transition has been accounted for in opening reserves and comparable periods have been restated in accordance with Ind AS 101 -"First-time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standards". The Company has presented a reconciliation of its equity under Previous GAAP to its equity under Ind AS as at 1st April, 2016 and 31st March, 2017 and of the total comprehensive income for the year ended 31st March, 2017 as required by Ind AS 101 in the financial statements.

Following are the applicable Ind AS 101 optional exemptions and mandatory exceptions applied in the transition from previous GAAP to Ind AS.

(a) Deemed cost for property, plant and equipment

The Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all of its plant and equipment, investment property, and intangible assets recognised as of April 1, 2016 (transition date) measured as per the previous GAAP and use that carrying value as its deemed cost as of the transition date.

(b) Classification and measurements of financial assets

The classification of financial assets to be measured at amortised cost or fair value through other comprehensive income is made on the basis of the facts and circumstances that existed on the date of transition to Ind AS.

(c) Derecognition of financial assets and financial liabilities

The Company has applied the derecognition requirements of financial assets and financial liabilities prospectively for transactions occurring on or after April 1, 2016 (the transition date).

(d) Impairment of financial assets

The Company has applied the impairment requirements of Ind AS 109 retrospectively; however, as permitted by Ind AS 101, it has used reasonable and supportable information that is available without undue cost or effort to determine the credit risk at the date that financial instruments were initially recognised in order to compare it with the credit risk at the transition date. Further, the Company has not undertaken an exhaustive search for information when determining, at the date of transition to Ind ASs, whether there have been significant increases in credit risk since initial recognition, as permitted by Ind AS 101.

Reconciliation between previous GAAP and Ind AS

Ind As 101 requires an entity to reconcile equity, total comprehensive income and cash flows for prior periods. The following reconciliations provides the explanations and quantification of the differences arising from the transition from previous GAAP to Ind AS in accordance with Ind AS 101:-

Note: 1 Deferred Tax Adjustment

Deferred Tax have been recognised on the adjustments made on transition to Ind AS.

Note: 2 Amortisation of Loan Processing Fees

Under previous GAAP, the loan processing charges were normally recognised as expense as and when incurred. Under Ind AS, borrowings have been measured at amortised cost using effective interest rate. This has resulted into amortisation of loan processing charges over the period of borrowings.

Note: 3 Remeasurement of Post employment benefits obligations

Under Ind AS, remeasurements i.e. actuarial gains and losses and the return on plan assets, excluding amounts included in the net interest expense on the net defined benefit liability are recognized in other comprehensive income instead of profit and loss. Under the previous GAAP, these remeasurements were forming part of the profit and loss for the year. As a result of this change, the profit for the year ended March 31, 2017 decreased by Rs. 57.45 lakhs . There is no impact on the total equity as at March 31, 2017.

11. Standards issued but not yet effective

The amendments to standards that are issued, but not yet effective, up to the date of issuance of the company's Ind AS financial statements are disclosed below. The company intends to adopt these standards, if applicable, when they become effective. The Ministry of Corporate Affairs("MCA") has issued certain amendments to Ind AS through (Indian Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2018. These amendments maintain convergence with IFRS by incorporating amendments issued by International Accounting Standards Board(IASB) into Ind AS and has amended the following standards:

i. Ind AS 115-Revenue from Contract with Customers

ii. Ind AS 21-The effect of changes in foreign exchanges rates

iii. Ind AS 12-Income Taxes

These amendments are effective for annual periods beginning on or after April 01, 2018. Application of these amendments will not have any recognition and measurement impact. However, it will require additional disclosure in the Ind AS financial statements.

The company is assessing the potential effect of the amendments on its Ind AS financial statements. The company will adopt these amendments, if applicable, from their applicability date.

12. Previous Year figures have been regrouped/ rearranged wherever considered necessary.

13. The financial statements were approved for issue by the board of directors on 24th May, 2018.

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