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Navin Fluorine International Ltd.

You can view the entire text of Notes to accounts of the company for the latest year
Market Cap. (₹) 3567.38 Cr. P/BV 3.33 Book Value (₹) 216.83
52 Week High/Low (₹) 782/570 FV/ML 2/1 P/E(X) 23.93
Bookclosure 14/06/2019 EPS (₹) 30.14 Div Yield (%) 0.17
Year End :2019-03 

1. Corporate Information

Navin Fluorine International Limited ("the Company") is a public limited company, incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. Its registered office is located at 2nd floor, Sunteck Centre, 37/40, Subhash Road, Ville Parle (East), Mumbai 400057.

It's shares are listed on the Bombay and National stock exchanges. The Company belongs to the Padmanabh Mafatlal Group, with a legacy of business operations since 1967, having one of the largest integrated fluorochemicals complex in India. The Company primarily focuses on fluorine chemistry - producing refrigeration gases, inorganic fluorides, specialty organofluorines and offers Contract Research and Manufacturing Services. Its manufacturing facilities are located at Surat in Gujarat and Dewas in Madhya Pradesh.


1. Standby Letter of Credit facility amounting to RS.413.83 lakhs (March 31,2018 RS.2,952.83 lakhs) availed from HDFC Bank for loan taken by Subsidiary is being secured by Second charge on the property, plant and equipment of the Company.

2. In previous year, assets lying at Dahej unit sold on slump sale basis (refer note 49).

3. For details of Capital commitment relating to Property, Plant and Equipment (refer note 45).

2A. Capital work-in progress

Capital work-in progress as at March 31, 2019 is RS.3,932.96 lakhs (March 31,2018 RS.2,008.59 lakhs;). It is mainly comprises of expansion projects in progress.

The Company obtains independent valuations for its investment properties at least annually. The best evidence of fair value is current prices in an active market for similar properties. The fair value was determined based on the market comparable approach based on recent market prices without any significant adjustments being made to the market observable data. All resulting fair value estimates for investment properties are included in Level 3.

(b) Terms / rights attached to equity shares:

The Company has only one class of equity shares having a par value of RS.2.00 per share (refer note 39.1). Each equity shareholder is entitled to one vote per share. The Company declares and pays dividends in Indian rupees. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the Shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting, except in case of interim dividend. In the event of liquidation the equity shareholders are eligible to receive the remaining assets of the company in proportion to the number of and amounts paid on the shares held.

(c) Information relating to Employee Stock Option Plan, including details of options issued, exercised and lapsed during the financial year and options outstanding at the end of the reporting period, is set out in note 43.

Description of reserves

Capital Reserve no. 1 - Capital reserve no. 1 was created for excess of assets over liabilities and reserves taken over pursuant to the scheme of demerger of chemical business of Mafatlal Industries Limited.

Capital Reserve no. 2 -Capital reserve no. 2 was created for compensation received pursuant to the Montreal Protocol for phasing out production of ozone depleting substances.

Capital redemption reserve - Capital redemption reserve was created out of the general reserve during the buy back of equity shares and it is a non-distributable reserves.

Securities premium - The Securities Premium was created on issue of shares at a premium. The reserve is utilised in accordance with the provisions of the Act.

General Reserve - The general reserve comprises of transfer of profits from retained earnings for appropriation purpose. The reserve can be distributed/utilised by the Company in accordance with the provisions of the Act.

Share options outstanding account - The employee stock options outstanding represents reserve in respect of equity settled share options granted to the Group's employees in pursuance of the employee stock option plan.

Retained earnings - This represent the amount of accumulated earnings of the Company.

3. Segment Information

Operating segments are reported in a manner consistent with the internal reporting provided to the Chief Operating Decision Maker ("CODM") of the Company. Chairman and Managing Director of the Company are the chief operating decision makers. The Company operates only in one Business Segment i.e. 'Chemical Business' which constitutes a single reporting segment.

3.1 At the 19th Annual General Meeting of the Company held on June 29, 2017, Members of the Company have passed Resolution approving sub-division of shares in the ratio of 5 Equity Shares of RS.2.00 each for every 1 Equity Share of H10.00 each. The record date for the aforesaid sub-division was July 20, 2017.

4. Leasing arrangement

4.1 The Company has taken office, residential premises and vehicles under operating lease or leave and license agreements. These are generally cancellable in nature and range between 11 months to 60 months. These leave and license agreements are generally renewable or cancellable at the option of the Company or the lessor. The lease payment recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss is RS.438.56 lakhs (as at March 31, 2018 RS.461.42 lakhs).

4.2 Defined Benefit Plans

(i) Risk exposure to defined benefit plans

The plans typically expose the Company to actuarial risks such as: investment risk, interest rate risk, longevity risk and salary risk.

Investment risk - The present value of the defined benefit plan liability is calculated using a discount rate which is determined by reference to market yields at the end of the reporting period on Indian government securities; if the return on plan asset is below this rate, it will create a plan deficit.

Interest risk - A decrease in the bond interest rate will increase the plan liability; however, this will be partially offset by an increase in the return on the plan's debt investments.

Longevity risk - The present value of the defined benefit plan liability is calculated by reference to the best estimate of the mortality of plan participants both during and after their employment. An increase in the life expectancy of the plan participants will increase the plan's liability.

Salary risk - The present value of the defined benefit plan liability is calculated by reference to the future salaries of plan participants. As such, an increase in the salary of the plan participants will increase the plan's liability.

The most recent actuarial valuation of the plan assets and the present value of the defined benefit obligation were carried out at March 31, 2019. The present value of the defined benefit obligation, and the related current service cost and past service cost, were measured using the projected unit credit method.

(ii) Gratuity (Funded)

The Company sponsors funded defined benefit gratuity plan for all eligible employees of the Company. The Company's defined benefit gratuity plan requires contributions to be made to a separately administered trust. The gratuity plan is governed by the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972. Under the Act, employee who has completed five years of service is entitled to specific benefit. The level of benefits provided depends on the member's length of service and salary at retirement age. Company makes provision for gratuity fund based on an actuarial valuation carried out at the end of the year using 'projected unit credit' method.

(g) Sensitivity analysis

Significant actuarial assumptions for the determination of the defined obligation are discount rate and expected salary increase and attrition rate. The sensitivity analyses below have been determined based on reasonably possible changes of the respective assumptions occurring at the end of the reporting period, while holding all other assumptions constant. Following is the impact of changes in assumption in defined benefit obligation of gratuity:

The sensitivity analysis presented above may not be representative of the actual change in the defined benefit obligation as it is unlikely that the change in assumptions would occur in isolation of one another as some of the assumptions may be correlated.

Furthermore, in presenting the above sensitivity analysis, the present value of the defined benefit obligation has been calculated using the projected unit credit method at the end of the reporting period, which is the same as that applied in calculating the defined benefit obligation liability recognised in the balance sheet. There was no change in the methods and assumptions used in preparing the sensitivity analysis from previous year

(iii) Provident fund (funded)

In respect of certain employees, provident fund contributions are made to a separately administered trust. Such contribution to the provident fund for all employees, are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss. In case of any liability arising due to shortfall between the return from its investments and the guaranteed specified interest rate, the same is provided for by the Company. The actuary has provided an actuarial valuation and the interest shortfall liability, if any, has been provided in the books of accounts after considering the assets available with the provident fund trust.

4.3 Other Long term Employee Benefits:

The liability for Compensated absences as determined by Independent actuary as at the balance sheet date is Rs.1,098.30 lakhs (March 31, 2018: Rs.1,083.45 lakhs).

5. Financial Instruments and Risk Review

5.1 Capital Management

The Company's objectives when managing capital are to safeguard the Company's ability to continue as a going concern in order to provide returns for shareholders and to maintain an optimal capital structure to reduce the cost of capital. In order to maintain or adjust the capital structure, the Company may return to shareholders the capital or issue new shares or take such appropriate action as may be needed. The Company considers total equity reported in the financial statements to be managed as part of capital. The Company does not have any borrowings as at March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018.

(ii) Fair value hierarchy

This section explains the judgements and estimates made in determining the fair values of the financial instruments that are (a) recognised and measured at fair value and (b) measured at amortised cost and for which fair values are disclosed in the financial statements. To provide an indication about the reliability of the inputs used in determining fair value, the Company has classified its financial instruments into the three levels prescribed under the accounting standard. An explanation of each level follows underneath the table.

Level 1 : Level 1 hierarchy includes financial instruments measured using quoted prices. This includes listed equity instruments and mutual funds that have quoted price. The fair value of all equity instruments which are traded in the stock exchanges is valued using the closing price as at the reporting period. The mutual funds are valued using the closing NAV.

Level 2: The fair value of financial instruments that are not traded in an active market is determined using valuation techniques which maximise the use of observable market data and rely as little as possible on entity-specific estimates. If all significant inputs required to fair value an instrument are observable, the instrument is included in level 2.

Level 3: If one or more of the significant inputs is not based on the observable market data, the instrument is included in Level 3.

(iii) Valuation technique used to determine fair value

1. The fair value of the quoted investments is determined using quoted bid prices in an active market.

2. The fair value of the unquoted investments is determined using the inputs other than quoted prices included in level 1 that are observable for assets and liabilities.

3. Company has made investments in 'Ask Real Estate Special Situation Fund'. The Fund invests primarily in special purpose vehicles and holding companies of special purpose vehicles that undertake residential and mixed use real estate developments with a significant residential component. The Valuation methodology used shall depend on the type of property and market conditions and stage of development reached in the invested project. The suitability of a particular method of valuation is decided based on the below criteria:

- For undeveloped properties: Sales/Market Comparison Method benchmarked by Discounted Cash Flow Method

- For semi developed properties / properties under development: Weighted average of Discounted Cash Flow Method and Replacement Cost Method

- For completed properties, leased property or ready For sale properties: Capitalization of Rental Method or Market Comparison Method

(iv) Fair value of Financial assets and liabilities measured at amortised cost

The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, trade receivables, receivables from related parties and trade payables are considered to be the same as their fair values due to their short-term nature. Fair value of security deposits approximates the carrying value.

5.3 Financial risk management objectives

The Company's activities exposes it to a variety of financial risks including market risk, credit risk and liquidity risk. The Company's primary risk management focus is to minimize potential adverse effects of financial risks on its financial performance. The Company's risk management assessment and policies and processes are established to identify and analyze the risks faced by the Company, to set appropriate risk limits and controls, and to monitor such risks and compliance with the same. Risk assessment and management policies and processes are reviewed regularly to reflect changes in market conditions and the Company's activities. The Company does not enter into or trade financial instruments, including derivative financial instruments, for speculative purposes.

5.4 Market Risks

The Company's activities expose it primarily to the financial risks of changes in foreign currency exchange rates and other price risk. The Company enters into derivative financial instruments to manage its exposure to foreign currency risk including forward foreign exchange contracts.

5.5 Foreign exchange risk

(i) Exposure to foreign exchange risk:

The Company has international operations and is exposed to foreign exchange risk arising from foreign currency transactions. Foreign exchange risk arises from future commercial transactions and recognised financial assets and liabilities denominated in a currency that is not the functional currency of the entity in the Company. The risk also includes highly probable foreign currency cash flows. The Company has exposure arising out of export, import and other transactions other than functional risks. The Company hedges its foreign exchange risk using foreign exchange forward contracts. The same is within the guidelines laid down by Risk Management Policy of the Company.

(ii) Foreign exchange risk management:

To manage the foreign exchange risk arising from recognized assets and liabilities, Company use spot transactions, foreign exchange forward contracts, according to the Company's foreign exchange risk policy. Company's treasury is responsible for managing the net position in each foreign currency and for putting in place the appropriate hedging actions. The Company's foreign exchange risk management policy is to selectively hedge net transaction exposures in major foreign currencies.

(iii) Foreign exchange risk sensitivity:

3% is the sensitivity rate used when reporting foreign currency risk and represents management's assessment of the reasonably possible change in foreign exchange rates. The sensitivity analysis includes only outstanding unhedged foreign currency denominated monetary items and adjusts their translation at the period end for a 3% change in foreign currency rates. A positive number below indicates an increase in profit and negative number below indicates a decrease in profit. Following is the analyze of change in profit where the Indian Rupee strengthens and weakens by 3% against the relevant currency:

5.6 Other price risks

The Company is mainly exposed to the price risk due to its investments in equity instruments. The price risk arises due to uncertainties about the future market values of these investments. Equity price risk is related to the change in market reference price of the investments in equity securities. In general, these securities are not held for trading purposes. These investments are subject to changes in the market price of securities. In order to manage its price risk arising from investments in equity instruments, the Company maintains its portfolio in accordance with the framework set by the Investment policy. Any new investment or divestment must be approved by the Board of Directors, Chief Financial Officer and Management Committee.

Price Risk sensitivity Analysis:

As an estimation of the approximate impact of price risk, with respect to investments in equity instruments, the Company has calculated the impact as follows:

For equity instruments, a 10% increase in equity prices would have led to approximately an additional H101.39 lakhs gain in Statement of Profit and Loss (March 31, 2018: H537.03 lakhs). A 10% decrease in equity prices would have led to an equal but opposite effect.

5.7 Credit risk

(i) Exposures to credit risk

The Company is exposed to credit risk, which is the risk that counterparty will default on its contractual obligation resulting in a financial loss to the Company. The credit risk arises from its operating activities (i.e. primarily trade receivables), from its investing activities including deposits with banks and financial institutions and other financial instruments.

(ii) Credit risk management

a) Trade receivable

The maximum exposure to the credit risk at the reporting date is primarily from trade receivables amounting to Rs.16,745.46 lakhs (March 31, 2018 - Rs.14,721.48 lakhs).

Trade receivables are typically unsecured and are derived from revenue earned from customer. Credit risk has always been managed by the Company through credit approvals, establishing credit limits and continuously monitoring the creditworthiness of customers to which the Company grants credit terms in the normal course of business.

The Company uses a provision matrix to compute the expected credit loss allowance for trade receivables. The provision matrix takes into account a continuing credit evaluation of the Company customers' financial condition; ageing of trade accounts receivable and the Company's historical loss experience.

Trade receivables are written off when there is no reasonable expectation of recovery. The allowance for lifetime expected credit loss on customer balances as at March 31, 2019 was Rs.133.83 lakhs (March 31, 2018 - Rs.142.83 lakhs).

Movement in the credit loss allowance

b) Cash and Cash Equivalent

Credit risk on cash and cash equivalents is limited as Company generally invest in deposits with banks and financial institutions with high credit ratings assigned by international and domestic credit rating agencies.

c) Investment in Mutual Funds

Credit risk on investments in mutual fund is limited as Company invested in mutual funds issued by the financial institutions with high credit ratings assigned by credit rating agencies.

5.8 Liquidity risk

Liquidity risk is the risk that the Company will face in meeting its obligations associated with its financial liabilities. The Company's approach to managing liquidity is to ensure that it will have sufficient funds to meet its liabilities when due without incurring unacceptable losses.

(i) Liquidity risk tables

The Company maintained a cautious liquidity strategy, with a positive cash balance throughout the year ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018. Cash flow from operating activities provides the funds to service the financial liabilities on a day-to-day basis.

The Company regularly monitors the rolling forecasts to ensure it has sufficient cash on an on-going basis to meet operational needs. Any short term surplus cash generated, over and above the amount required for working capital management and other operational requirements, is retained as cash and cash equivalents (to the extent required) and any excess is invested in interest bearing term deposits and other highly marketable liquid investments with appropriate maturities to optimise the cash returns on investments while ensuring sufficient liquidity to meet its liabilities.

(ii) Maturities of financial liabilities

The amounts disclosed in the table are the contractual undiscounted cash flows. Balances due within 12 months equal their carrying balances as the impact of discounting is not significant.

6. Share based payments

Details of the employee share based plan of the Company

Employee stock option scheme 2007 (“Esos 2007”) - The Shareholders of the Company at their Annual General Meeting held on July 20,2007 had approved the issue of Stock Options to eligible employees and directors, including the Managing Director(s) and the Whole Time Director(s) but excluding the promoters or persons belonging to the promoter group of the Company to the extent maximum of 5% of issued and paid up share capital of the Company from time to time. Each option is exercisable into one fully paid-up Equity Shares of RS.2.00 each of the Company. These options are to be issued in one or more tranches and on such terms and conditions (including exercise price, vesting period, exercise period etc.) as may be determined by the Nomination and Remuneration Committee (NRC) in accordance with the provisions of the ESOS 2007, SEBI Regulations and in compliance with other applicable laws and regulations. The stock options granted under ESOS 2007 shall be capable of being exercisable on vesting within 10 years from grant date.

Employee stock option scheme 2017 (“Esos 2017”) - The Shareholders of the Company at their Annual General Meeting held on June 29,2017 had approved the issue of Stock Options to eligible employees and directors, including the Managing Director(s) and the Whole Time Director(s) but excluding the promoters or persons belonging to the promoter group of the Company and its subsidiary companies to the extent maximum of 5% of issued and paid up share capital of the Company from time to time. Each option is exercisable into one fully paid-up Equity Shares of RS.2.00 each of the Company. These options are to be issued in one or more tranches and on such terms and conditions (including exercise price, vesting period, exercise period etc.) as may be determined by the Nomination and Remuneration Committee (NRC) in accordance with the provisions of the ESOS 2017, SEBI Regulations and in compliance with other applicable laws and regulations. The stock options granted under ESOS 2017 shall be capable of being exercisable on vesting within 10 years from grant date.

(v) Expenses arising from employee share based payment transaction recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss as part of employee benefit expense for the year ended March 31, 2019 is H83.66 lakhs (March 31, 2018 H64.02 lakhs). Also refer note 33.

Terms and Condition:

1. sales

The sales to related parties are in the ordinary course of business. Sales transactions are based on prevailing price lists. For the year ended March 31, 2019, the Company has not recorded any loss allowances for trade receivables from related parties.

2. Purchases

The purchases from related parties are in the ordinary course of business. Purchase transactions are based on normal commercial terms and conditions and at market rates.

3. Loan to Wholly Owned subsidiary

Company had give interest free loan to Sulakshna Securities Limited (SSL) pursuant to the sanctioned scheme of rehabilitation. Amount lying as at March 31, 2019 is Rs.1,423.00 lakhs (March 31, 2018: Rs.1,669.00 lakhs). Under Ind AS 109 ' Financial Instruments' the same has been fair valued. Accordingly, Rs.815.55 lakhs (March 31, 2018: Rs.815.55 lakhs) has been disclosed as Investment in equity of SSL and Rs.1,110.39 lakhs (March 31, 2018: Rs.1,049.16 lakhs) as loans to SSL as at March 31, 2019.

4. Loan to Joint Venture Company

The Company has given loan to Convergence Chemicals Private Limited (CCPL) for working capital requirement. The loan balances as at March 31, 2019 was RS.325.00 lakhs (March 31, 2018 was RS.325.00 lakhs. These loans are unsecured and carry an interest rate of 10.50% (March 31, 2018: 14%) and repayable on demand.

5. Guarantees to subsidiary and joint venture company

Guarantees provided to the lenders of the subsidiary and joint venture company are for availing term loans from the lender banks.

7. Contingent liabilities

(ii) . The Company is in the process of evaluating the impact of the recent Supreme Court Judgment in case of'Vivekananda Vidyamandir And Others Vs The Regional Provident Fund Commissioner (II) West Bengal" and the related circular (Circular No. C-I/1(33)2019/Vivekananda Vidya Mandir/284) dated March 20, 2019 issued by the Employees' Provident Fund Organisation in relation to non-exclusion of certain allowances from the definition of "basic wages" of the relevant employees for the purposes of determining contribution to provident fund under the Employees' Provident Funds & Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952. In the assessment of the management which is supported by legal advice, the aforesaid matter is not likely to have a significant impact and accordingly, no provision has been made in these Financial Statements.

8. Research and development expenditure

The details of research and development expenditure of Rs.1,920.82 lakhs (as at March 31, 2018 Rs.1,787.68 lakhs) included in the figures reported under notes 5 and 31 to 36 are as under:

9 . Mafatlal Industries Limited was executing a project in Iraq when hostilities broke out between Iraq and Kuwait in 1990-91, resulting in suspension of project work. In view of the post war sanctions imposed by the United Nations and the Government of India, suspended operations could not be resumed. The customer's bankers had asked for extension of bank guarantees for advance payment and performance and the State Bank of India (SBI), in turn, had claimed that the funds deposited with them in respect of the aforesaid project are subject to lien which was subsequently released on alternate arrangements. In view of the continuing uncertain circumstances, the receipts and payments under the contracts, transferred to the Company pursuant to the sanctioned scheme of Mafatlal Industries Limited, continue to be carried forward and necessary adjustments would be made on the status of the project becoming clearer.

10. In previous year, the Company's business relating to manufacture and sale of Specialty Fluorochemicals at Dahej was transferred to Convergence Chemicals Private Limited, a joint venture between the Company and Piramal Enterprise Limited, with effect from December 1, 2017, on a going concern basis by way of slump sales together with all the identified assets, liabilities, consents, permissions, services of employees etc. Revenue from operations of this Business till November 30, 2017 was Rs.5,568.28 lakhs, which were included in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

11 . The Board of Directors has recommended final dividend of RS.4.00 per share on the face value of RS.2.00 each (200%), subject to approval by the Members at the forthcoming Annual General Meeting of the Company.

12 . With effect from 1st April, 2018 company has adopted Ind AS 115 - Revenue from Contracts with Customers which resulted adjustments to the amounts recognized in the financial statements in the form of reclassification. In accordance with the transition provisions in the Ind AS 115, the company has adopted the modified retrospective method. Accordingly, comparative information for prior period has not been restated.

Presentation of assets and liabilities related to contracts with customers:

The company has also voluntarily changed the presentation of certain amount in the balance sheet to reflect the terminology of Ind AS 115: Contract liabilities in relation to contracts for sale of good and services which were included in the other current liabilities RS.345.76 lakhs. Contract Liabilities represents advance received against sale of goods or services

13 . Previous year's figures have been regrouped/reclassified wherever necessary to correspond with the current year's classifications / disclosures.

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