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NOTES TO ACCOUNTS

Andhra Petrochemicals Ltd.

You can view the entire text of Notes to accounts of the company for the latest year
Market Cap. (₹) 404.46 Cr. P/BV 1.79 Book Value (₹) 26.65
52 Week High/Low (₹) 99/46 FV/ML 10/1 P/E(X) 5.79
Bookclosure 10/07/2019 EPS (₹) 8.22 Div Yield (%) 3.15
Year End :2018-03 

Note 1: Segment information

The Company operates only in one business segment being the manufacture of Oxo-Alcohols and there are no geographical segments to be reported.

Note 2.37: As per Indian Accounting Standard 24 “Related parties disclosure” the disclosure of Related parties as defined in the Standard are given hereunder:

I. List of Related Parties:

Sl. No. Name of the Related Party Relationship

1. The Andhra Sugars Limited Promoter

2. Andhra Pradesh Industrial Development Corporation Limited Promoter

3. JOCIL Limited A Subsidiary Company of The Andhra Sugars Limited,

Promoter

4. Jayalakshmi Fertilisers,Tanuku (upto 14.02.2018) Firm in which Key Managerial Personnel

(Dr. BB.Ramaiah) is a partner

5. Dr. B.B. Ramaiah (up to 14.02.2018) Managing Director

6. Sri K Narasappa (from 23.05.2017) President

7. Sri P Ratna Rao Key Managerial Personnel

[Senior General Manager (Finance)]

3.2: Fair Valuation Techniques

The fair values of the financial assets and liabilities are included at the amount that would be received on sale of an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.

A) The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair values

The fair value of cash and cash equivalents, trade receivables and payables, financial liabilities and assets approximate their carrying amount largely due to the short-term maturities of these instruments. The management considers that the carrying amounts of financial assets and financial liabilities recognized at nominal cost/amortized cost in the financial statements approximate their fair values. The fair value of unquoted equity investments designated and recognized through Other Comprehensive Income has been determined by using the Income approach through the present value techniques.

B) Fair value hierarchy

The fair value of financial instruments as referred to above note have been classified into three categories depending on the inputs used in the valuation technique. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices in active markets for identified assets or liabilities [Level 1 measurements] and lowest priority to unobservable inputs [Level 3 measurements].

The categories used are as follows:

Level 1: Level 1 hierarchy includes inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the entity can access at the measurement date.

Level 2: Inputs that are observable either directly or indirectly for the asset or liability, other than quoted prices included within Level 1.

Level 3: Inputs for the asset or liability which are not based on observable market data (unobservable inputs).

During the year ended 31st March 2018, the company transferred the unquoted equity instruments from Level 2 into Level 3 due to non-availability of

-quoted price for similar or identical assets in the markets that are not active to the nearest date to the reporting date or -inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset.

Under the terms of supply agreements the sales were made against LC . Bills discounted with banks were being offsite against trade receivables while presenting in the balance sheet.

3.4: Financial risk management framework

A) The Company’s Board of Directors has overall responsibility for the establishment and oversight of the Company’s risk management framework. The Company’s risk management policies are established to identify and analyses the risks faced by the Company, to set appropriate risk limits and controls and to monitor risks and adherence to limits. Risk management policies and systems are reviewed regularly to reflect changes in market conditions and the Company’s activities. The Board of Directors monitors the compliance with the Company’s risk management policies and procedures, and reviews the adequacy of the risk management framework in relation to the risks faced by the Company.

The risk management framework aims at,

i) Improve financial risk awareness and risk transparency

ii) Identify, control and monitor key risks

iii) Identify risk accumulations

iv) Provide management with reliable information on the Company’s risk situation

v) Improve financial returns

B) The company's activities expose it to market risk, liquidity risk and credit risk. This note explains the sources of risk which the entity is exposed to and how the entity manages the risk.

a) Credit risk:

i) Credit risk is the risk that counterparty will not meet its obligations under a financial instrument or customer contract, leading to a financial loss. The Company is exposed to credit risk from its operating activities (primarily trade receivables), from cash and cash equivalents, deposits with banks. The management has a credit policy in place and the exposure to credit risk is monitored on an ongoing basis

ii) Financial assets that are neither past due nor impaired

Cash and cash equivalents, deposits with banks, security deposits, investments in securities & mutual funds are neither past due nor impaired.

Cash and cash equivalents, deposits are held with banks which are reputed and credit worthy banking institutions. Hence the expected credit loss is negligible.

Investments in securities & mutual funds are actively traded in the stock markets and there is no collateral held against these because the counterparties are entities with high credit ratings assigned by the various credit rating agencies. Hence the expected credit loss is negligible.

b) Liquidity risk:

i) Liquidity risk is defined as the risk that the Company will not be able to settle or meet its obligations on time or at a reasonable price. The Company's objective is to maintain optimum level of liquidity to meet it's cash and collateral requirements at all times. Prudent liquidity risk management implies maintaining sufficient cash and marketable securities and the availability of funding through an adequate amount of committed credit line to meet obligations. Due to the dynamic nature of underlying business, company maintains flexibility in funding by maintaining availability under committed credit lines.

ii) Maturities of financial liabilities

The table below analyses the company's financial liabilities into relevant maturity groupings based on their contractual maturities for all non-derivative financial liabilities:

3.5: Capital management

The company's objectives when managing capital is to safeguard their ability to continue as a going concern, maintain a strong credit rating and healthy capital ratios in order to support its business and provide adequate return to shareholders through continuing growth and maximize the shareholders’ value. The company sets the amount of capital required on the basis of annual business and long -term operating plans which include capital and other strategic investments. The funding requirements are met through a mixture of equity, internal fund generation and borrowed funds. The company tries to maintain an optimal capital structure to reduce cost of capital and monitors capital on the basis of debt-equity ratio.

Note. 2: Significant accounting estimates and assumptions

The key assumptions concerning the future and other key sources of estimation uncertainty at the reporting date, that have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities within the next financial year, are described below.

The company based its assumptions and estimates on parameters available when the financial statements were prepared. Existing circumstances and assumptions about future developments, however, may change due to market changes or circumstances arising that are beyond the control of the company. Such changes are reflected in the assumptions when they occur.

4.1: Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment represent a significant proportion of the asset base of the Company. The charge in respect of periodic depreciation is derived after determining an estimate of an asset's expected useful life and the expected residual value at the end of its life. The useful lives and residual values of company's assets are determined by management at the time the asset is acquired and reviewed periodically, including at each financial year end. The lives are based on historical experience with similar assets as well as anticipation of future events, which may impact their life, such as changes in technology.

4.2: Impairment of non-financial assets

Impairment exists when the carrying value of an asset or cash generating unit exceeds its recoverable amount, which is the higher of its fair value less costs of disposal and its value in use. The fair value less costs of disposal calculation is based on available data from binding sales transactions, conducted at arm's length, for similar assets or observable market prices less incremental costs for disposing of the asset. The value in use calculation is based on a DCF model. The cash flows are derived from the budget for the next five years and do not include restructuring activities that the company is not yet committed to or significant future investments that will enhance the asset's performance of the CGU being tested. The recoverable amount is sensitive to the discount rate used for the DCF model as well as the expected future cash-inflows and the growth rate used for extrapolation purposes.

4.3: Impairment of Financial assets

The impairment provisions for financial assets are based on assumptions about risk of default and expected loss rates. The company uses judgment in making these assumptions and selecting the inputs to the impairment calculation based on the company's past history, existing market conditions as well as forward looking estimates at the end of each reporting period.

4.4: Operating Lease

The Company has taken on lease a commercial property for its business operations and the lease rentals for the property are subject to escalations during the tenure of lease. However, as these escalations were in the nature of general inflation to compensate for the lessor's expected inflationary cost increase, the company is directly charging the lease payments to the statement of profit and loss instead of following straight line method of charging lease payments.

4.5: Taxes

Deferred tax assets are recognized for unused tax losses to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the losses can be utilized. Significant management judgment is required to determine the amount of deferred tax assets that can be recognized, based upon the likely timing and the level of future taxable profits together with future tax planning strategies.

4.6: Employee benefits (gratuity and compensated absences)

The cost of the defined benefit plans and the present value of the gratuity/compensated absences obligation are determined using actuarial valuations. An actuarial valuation involves making various assumptions that may differ from actual developments in the future. These include the determination of the discount rate, future salary increases and mortality rates. Due to the complexities involved in the valuation and its long-term nature, a defined benefit obligation is highly sensitive to changes in these assumptions. All assumptions are reviewed at each reporting date. The parameter most subject to change is the discount rate. In determining the appropriate discount rate for plans operated in India, the management considers the interest rates of government bonds. The mortality rate is based on publicly available mortality tables for the specific countries.

The Andhra Petrochemicals Limited

Those mortality tables tend to change only at interval in response to demographic changes. Future salary increases and gratuity increases are based on expected future inflation rates.

4.7: Fair value measurement of financial instruments

When the fair values of financial assets and financial liabilities recorded in the balance sheet cannot be measured based on quoted prices in active markets, their fair value is measured using valuation techniques including the DCF model. The inputs to these models are taken from observable markets where possible, but where this is not feasible, a degree of judgment is required in establishing fair values. Judgments include considerations of inputs such as liquidity risk, credit risk and volatility. Changes in assumptions about these factors could affect the reported fair value of financial instruments.

4.8: Provision for decommissioning

The company has recognized a provision for decommissioning obligations associated with the leased premises on which the plant is super structured. In determining the fair value of the provision, assumptions and estimates are made in relation to discount rates, the expected cost to dismantle and remove the plant from the site and the expected timing of those costs.

4.9: Contingencies

Management judgment is required for estimating the possible inflow/ outflow of resources, if any, in respect of contingencies/ claims/ litigations against the Company/ by the Company as it is not possible to predict the outcome of pending matters with accuracy.

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