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United Breweries Ltd.

You can view the entire text of Notes to accounts of the company for the latest year
Market Cap. (₹) 25538.89 Cr. P/BV 8.02 Book Value (₹) 120.41
52 Week High/Low (₹) 1439/750 FV/ML 1/1 P/E(X) 45.37
Bookclosure 22/08/2019 EPS (₹) 21.29 Div Yield (%) 0.26
Year End :2019-03 


All assets and liabilities for which fair value is measured or disclosed in the standalone Ind AS financial statements are categorised within the fair value hierarchy, as below, based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement as a whole:

Level 1 : Quoted (unadjusted) market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities Level 2 : Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is directly or indirectly observable Level 3 : Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is unobservable

There has been no transfers between levels during the year.

The fair values of Cross currency interest rate swap are derived from quoted market prices in active markets.

The management assessed that the carrying values of investments, trade and other receivables, cash and short term deposits, other assets, borrowings, trade and other payables and balances with related parties, based on their notional amounts, reasonably approximate their fair values because these instruments have short-term maturities and are re-priced frequently.


The Company's principal financial liabilities comprise borrowings, trade and other payables. The main purpose of these financial liabilities is to finance the Company's operations. The Company's principal financial assets include investments, trade and other receivables, cash and cash equivalents, bank balances, security deposits and derivatives that are out of regular business operations.

The Company is exposed to market risk, credit risk and liquidity risk. The Company's senior management oversees the management of these risks. The Company's senior management is supported by a risk management committee that advises on financial risks and the appropriate financial risk governance framework for the Company.

The risk management committee provides assurance to the Company's senior management that the Company's financial risk activities are governed by appropriate policies and procedures and that financial risks are identified, measured and managed in accordance with the Company's policies and risk objectives. All derivative activities for risk management purposes are carried out by specialist teams that have the appropriate skills, experience and supervision. It is the Company's policy that no trading in derivatives for speculative purposes may be undertaken. The Board of Directors reviews and agrees policies for managing each of these risks, which are summarized below.

a) Market risk

Market risk is the risk that the fair value of future cash flows of a financial instrument that will fluctuate because of changes in market prices. Market risk comprises three types of risk i.e. interest rate risk, currency risk and other price risk, such as commodity risk. Financial instruments affected by market risk include borrowings, derivatives financial instruments and trade payables.

i. Interest rate risk

Interest rate risk is the risk that the fair value or future cash flows of the Company's financial instruments will fluctuate because of changes in market interest rates. The Company's exposure to the risk of changes in market interest rate relates primarily to the Company's borrowings with floating interest rates.

ii. Foreign currency risk

Foreign currency risk is the risk that the fair value or future cash flows of an exposure will fluctuate because of changes in foreign exchange rates. The Company's exposure to the risk of changes in foreign exchange rates relates primarily to the Company's foreign currency borrowings, trade payable and trade receivables. The Company has hedged exposure to fluctuations in foreign exchange rates for all of its foreign currency borrowings with cross currency swaps therefore the changes in the currency rates for borrowings will not have impact on future cash flows.

The summary of derivative instruments and unheeded foreign currency exposure is as below:

Derivatives outstanding as at the reporting date

The following tables demonstrate the sensitivity to a reasonably possible change in foreign exchange rates, with all other variables held constant and after the impact of hedge accounting.

iii. Commodity price risk

The Company is affected by the price volatility of certain commodities. Its operating activities require the ongoing purchase and manufacture of Beer and therefore require a continuous supply of Barley. The Company's Board of Directors has developed and enacted a risk management strategy regarding commodity price risk and its mitigation.

The following table shows the effect of price changes in Barley:

b) Credit risk

Credit risk is the risk of loss that may arise on outstanding financial instruments if a counterparty default on its obligations. The Company's exposure to credit risk arises majorly from trade and other receivables. Other financial assets like security deposits and bank deposits are mostly with government authorities and nationalized banks and hence, the Company does not expect any credit risk with respect to these financial assets. With respect to trade receivables, significant portion includes dues from state government corporations, hence probability of default is remote. The Company has constituted regional and corporate credit committees to review trade receivables on periodic basis and to take necessary mitigations, wherever required.

c) Liquidity risk

The Company's objective is to maintain a balance between continuity of funding and flexibility through the use of bank borrowings. The table below summarizes the maturity profile of the Company's financial liabilities:


For the purpose of the Company's capital management, capital includes issued equity capital, securities premium and all other equity reserves attributable to the equity shareholders. The primary objective of the Company's capital management is to ensure that it maintains a strong credit rating and capital ratios in order to support its business and maximize shareholder value.

The Company monitors capital using a gearing ratio, which is net debt divided by total capital. The Company includes within net debt, all non-current and current borrowings reduced by cash and cash equivalents and other bank balances.

In order to achieve this overall objective, the Company's capital management, amongst other things, aims to ensure that it meets financial covenants attached to the interest-bearing borrowings that define capital structure requirements. The breaches in meeting the financial covenants would permit the bank to immediately call borrowings. There have been no breaches in the financial covenants of any interest-bearing borrowings in the current year.

No changes were made in the objectives, policies or processes for managing capital during the years ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018.

4. During the year, the Company had received e-mails / letter whereby allegations were raised against an employee of the Company relating to his involvement in certain irregularities in the procurement of packing materials from certain select vendors. Based on an initial inquiry on this matter, the service of the said employee was terminated. The Company is conducting a detailed investigation on this matter which is currently in progress. Management is of the view that although the actual financial impact, if any, which may arise from this matter can be ascertained only after completion of the investigation, the amount involved is not expected to be material, considering the profitability of the Company.

5. The Bihar State Government ("the Government") vide its notification dated April 5, 2016 had imposed ban on trade and consumption of foreign liquor in the State of Bihar. The Company had filed a writ petition with the High Court at Patna, requesting remedies and compensation for losses incurred on account of such abrupt notification, against which the Government preferred a special leave petition before the Supreme Court of India. Further, the Government did not renew brewery licenses for the financial year 2017-18 onwards and consequently the Company discontinued production of beer at Bihar and all its inventories lying with Bihar State Beverages Corporation Limited (BSBCL) were drained / destroyed. The matter is currently pending before the Supreme Court for final conclusion.

The financial impact on current assets arising from aforesaid matter was fully provided for. Also, during the year, the Company has commenced manufacture of non-alcoholic beverages at its existing manufacturing facility at Bihar using its existing property, plant and equipment at Bihar with carrying value of Rs. 19,633 Lakhs (March 31, 2018: Rs. 21,232 Lakhs) as at March 31, 2019. Management believes that the carrying amount of these property, plant and equipment do not exceed their recoverable amount and accordingly no provision has been considered necessary by the management in this regard.

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